Scrapbooking is several hundred years old
Scrapbooking is several hundred years old
Anonim

Scrapbooking is a fun activity and a great way to preserve interesting moments in family history for future generations.

Do you know who scrapbookers are? These are people who are fond of scrapbooking (scrapbooking). Such strange, at first glance, words originated from the English “scrapbook”, which literally means “a book of scrapbooks”. And scrapbooking is a hobby for decorating handmade photo albums, and they place not only photographs, but also clippings from magazines and newspapers, pictures, letters, some memorabilia, accompanying all this with comments-recordings (journalizing), while the album is decorated according to your own imagination.

Scrapbooking is several hundred years old
Scrapbooking is several hundred years old

An example of a handmade album.

Scrapbooking is often perceived as something feminine, but this is not entirely true. Initially, it was men who were involved in its appearance, and the first guidelines for the design of such albums were written by men. In addition, many representatives of the strong half devoted their free time to this interesting and exciting type of creativity. So, a little digression into history.

Back in Ancient Greece, people began to write down the discourses of philosophical, religious and other theoretical disputes, which can, in general, be called an early form of scrapbooking. And the word "album" - from Ancient Rome, was the name of a white board, usually covered with plaster, on which public announcements were recorded (from Latin album - white).

How to make life easier?
How to make life easier?

In the Renaissance (XIV-XVI centuries) commonplace books appeared - notebooks for notes, in which their owners wrote down everything that interested: poems, prayers, recipes, some extracts. And in England, students from the 15th century began to use such notebooks to memorize the information they needed during their studies.

Notebook for the notes of the German student Johann Valentin Deiger (1553)

The English philosopher John Locke had his own technique for constructing commonplace books and in 1686 his "New Method for Preparing Collections" was first published in French - a kind of memo on methods of preserving various thoughts and other records, later translated into English and republished in 1706 as "A New Method for Creating Notebooks".

In 1769, A Biographical History of England was published by the Reverend James Granger, with additional blank pages for readers to fill in as they liked with drawings and commentary. This practice of blank pages has been a huge success and is therefore used by many authors.

Back in the 16th century, the first books of friendship appeared, in which favorite poems, statements were recorded, business cards of friends and their wishes to the owners of the albums were inserted. The tradition of keeping such books survived until the 20th century. In the 18th century, handwritten albums appeared in Russia, and both men and women were engaged in them.

Commemorative book of Nikolaus von Grunthal (1582-1609)
Commemorative book of Nikolaus von Grunthal (1582-1609)

Commemorative book of Nikolaus von Grunthal (1582-1609)

listen to your heart
listen to your heart

Since 1825, the first magazine "The Scrapbook" begins to be published with recommendations and ideas for the creation and design of albums. And after John Poole published The Careful Selection of Manuscripts and Literary Scrapbook in 1826 with advice on album design, printed poetry and drawings, the general craze for scrapbooking began. For the first time, the definition of the word "scrapbook" was given - a book for storing various clippings and pictures. In addition to the design of albums, scrapbooking was used wherever possible: they decorated invitation cards, business cards, religious cards, advertisements, diplomas to students for good grades and behavior. The word "scrap" itself appeared a few years earlier as a designation for scraps of colored paper remaining in the printing industry, which people began to glue into their albums for decorative purposes.

One of the most important moments in the further development of scrapbooking was the invention of photography. Her date of birth is considered to be 1839, when the artist Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre presented the invented daguerreotype to the public, although the world's first photograph was taken in 1826 by the French inventor Joseph Nicephorus Niepce. In 1879, bank clerk George Eastman developed a machine for the production of photographic plates, research continued, and 10 years later, the production of photographic film began. And in 1888, the first Kodak camera appeared, loaded with 100 frames of film, costing $ 25. In 1900, Eastman achieved his goal - a new 6-frame Brownie camera sold for a dollar. The Brownie series was produced until 1970.

Just tired of living
Just tired of living

Journaling has been very popular among men in the past. There are various examples of this: for example, George Hodge, one of the sailors of the British Navy, kept his diary for more than 40 years. A gripping story, accompanied by his drawings of ships and other things, tells the story of his life and hostilities between 1790 and 1833.

Scrapbooking is several hundred years old
Scrapbooking is several hundred years old

In general, the second half of the 19th century is the peak of the popularity of scrapbooking. Various companies have established the production of albums, hobby accessories, special sets with pictures. But already in the XX century, the hobby for this hobby gradually declined: the First World War, the world economic crisis of the 1930s began, and the serial production of photo albums began in the 1940s.

And so, a new modern wave of passion for scrapbooking began thanks to the Christensen family from the American city of Spanish Fork in Utah. In August 1980, at the World Recording Conference, Marilyn Christensen presented 50 family albums, created over several years. The interest in the hobby was so great that in 1981 the Christensen spouses wrote a book about scrapbooking "Keeping Memories Alive", then, seeing the demand for goods for this type of hobby, they opened the world's first store of such goods "Keeping Memories Alive", and 15 years, in 1996, - the first online store of goods for scrapbooking.

How to start a new life and change yourself?
How to start a new life and change yourself?

Many men have no idea that a direct example of scrapbooking is their demobilized albums, created during the military service. These are photographs, and newspaper clippings, and commentary notes (journaling), and decor corresponding to the subject. Moreover, this type of scrapbooking existed in the USSR at least in the early 1970s.

Famous scrapbookers were US presidents Thomas Jefferson and Rutherford Hayes, Queen Victoria and writer Mark Twain, Scottish poet Edwin Morgan, many artists created their scrapbooks: Americans Andy Warhol and Reynolds Beale, Australian artist Judy Kassab dancer and famous spokeswoman also had their own scrapbooks. The German philosopher Friedrich Engels left his greetings in the album of Jenny Long, the daughter of his friend and colleague Karl Marx.

Scrapbook of Mata Hari in the Frisian Museum (Holland)
Scrapbook of Mata Hari in the Frisian Museum (Holland)

Scrapbook of Mata Hari in the Frisian Museum (Holland)

As you can see, there have been many men in history who are fond of this type of creativity, I will tell you about two, perhaps the most famous.

Thomas Jefferson, 3rd President of the United States, during his stay in the White House (from 1801 to 1809), created a series of albums with newspaper clippings about his political activities, favorite poems and various drawings, all for posterity and history.

And at the end of the 19th century, one of the most avid fans of scrapbooking was the world famous writer Mark Twain. Dedicating his favorite hobby all Sundays, he designed over 300 scrapbooks, filling them with photographs, illustrations, articles about his books and lectures. In 1872 he even patented "Mark Twain's Patent Scrapbook" - a self-adhesive album with thin strips of glue already applied to the pages. For 30 years he has developed a whole series of such scrapbooks - 57 different types. As the newspaper St. Louis Post-Dispatch in June 1885, Mark Twain made about 50 thousand from his inventions. By comparison, the sales of all of his novels earned him about $ 200,000.

Live a vibrant life. How to make life interesting and happy?
Live a vibrant life. How to make life interesting and happy?

Scrapbooking is a fun activity and a great way to preserve interesting moments in family history for future generations.

Online store of goods for needlework TRIVA. BY

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