Think about knights and duels
Think about knights and duels
Anonim

Seething blood and unbridled passions led men of past centuries to deadly duels. To spare the enemy was not considered comme il faut, but to surrender was considered humiliation. “I give you a medieval novel. You read in the summer in a hammock in the heat. Just a dacha light reading,”one friend said before her next vacation, holding out a thick book. The novel really turned out to be mysteriously romantic: mysterious beautiful ladies in crinolines, insidious schemers and knights faithful for life, ready to cross swords even with Flint himself.

It was not at all for the sake of glory that he blunt the sword in battle, And he was just nice and very kind.

This is so about a knight in a children's song from the movie "Car, Violin and Dog Blot" is sung.

A more accurate history of duels is reflected in the film about the Musketeers. What did Treville claim there?

Duelists, bully, You crossed your blades again

You fight for a fight

You shed blood for the sake of laughter.

Think about knights and duels
Think about knights and duels

So, sitting quietly in the shade in a hammock and leafing through the novel, you can just remember that July 10, 1547 (almost 500 years soon!) Is the date of the last duel officially authorized by the king in France. The reason for the ban on fights was the frequent death of duelists.

At least for the throne on the battlefield

It's not the first time you shed blood

But much more of her

On the Parisian pavement.

Despite the ban, duels continued as often as before. Therefore, later, King Charles IX was forced to issue a decree by which anyone, even a very noble participant in a duel, was sentenced to death.

The date is a date, but you can forget it, as everyone around did. No one obeyed the king. Neither this, nor all subsequent ones who decided to prohibit knightly duels.

Ah, noble Athos!

Although … at the word "duel" the names of all four Musketeers rush through the memory in order. The homeland of the duel is Italy with its sultry sun, blood seething in the veins and unbridled passions. Although, you see, the Spaniards, the Portuguese, and the French themselves would fit this description. And many other people, including the Turks.

In general, they took and spread in Italy overly exaggerated ideas about honor and the way to protect it - fighting with arms in hand, the rules of which were very far from the recognized knightly.

The tragic fate of the unique artist Caravaggio is a vivid example of this. In 1606, on May 29 in Rome, the dispute escalated into a fight, during which a noble citizen was killed. Caravaggio was charged with the murder. Pope Paul V declared the artist “outlawed”, and now any person could kill him and even receive a reward for it. The stampede and pleas for forgiveness did not save Caravaggio.

And in the art of dueling, the best students of the Italians were the French nobles and the military, who became acquainted with this trend during the Italian Wars (1484-1559).

From secluded places the duel went out into the streets of cities, into the halls of palaces, into city suburbs. Fights quickly became fashionable, both in the capital and in the provinces. Participation in them began to be considered good form.

In just 20 years of the reign of Henry IV, from 8 to 12 thousand nobles died in duels.

Think about knights and duels
Think about knights and duels

What kind of ruler would like such senseless losses among his subjects in peacetime? During the same time, 7 thousand royal "pardons" were issued to the surviving participants in the clashes. So what to do?

By the way, the reason for the call could be the most insignificant. They fought over a place in a church, at a ball or at a royal reception, arguing whose hunting dog is better, whose lands are more fertile. An armed showdown demanded a victory with a clear advantage. To spare the enemy was not considered comme il faut, but to surrender or accept life as a favor from the victor - humiliation.

Remember how the noble Athos was nervous before the fight with the cardinal's guards at the beginning of the novel: “There are three of us, among whom is one wounded and still an inexperienced boy. And they will say that there were four of us. " And how the king rejoiced after their victory! I was just happy, although it was officially a crime.

Yes, the monarchs had to reckon with duels: the kings almost always forgave the duelists, even when the case ended in death or injury.

Louis XIV, whose edicts provided for the most severe punishments for duels, expelled officers from his personal regiment who refused to participate in a duel, preferring the charter. Society continued to be tolerant of this "noble crime".

But one can imagine how the hearts of the ladies fluttered at the thought of exploits in their honor! And how many novels, written and not written, were born in these moments!

Sitting in a hammock in the summer, it is pleasant to indulge yourself with dreams of noble knightly deeds.

And what about the knight from the song?

Think about knights and duels
Think about knights and duels

And mortally wounded he whispered - a trifle

After all, my last feat is not for the sake of, but just like that.

And the question is - why then commit them?

And the knight said - of course.

But still there is hope, the only hope

That the girl will fondly remember the knight!

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