The ability to generate non-standard solutions is very useful in all areas of life. 10 Methods to Develop Your Creative Thinking Ability.
Creativity is a quality that is highly valued not only by employers. The ability to generate non-standard solutions is very useful in all areas of life. Should I be born with this? Or can the ability to think creatively be developed?
The author of this method is Alex Osborne. A group of people actively proposes various ideas, the group members try to develop them, immediately analyze them, identifying disadvantages and advantages.
2. Method of Edward de Bono "Six hats"
In the course of the creative process, a person puts on six hats of different colors in turn. In white he impartially checks numbers and facts, in black he tries to find negative traits, in yellow he analyzes positive aspects, in green he generates new ideas, in red he can allow an active emotional reaction. And finally, wearing a blue hat, the results of the work are summed up.
3. The method "Mind maps" was developed by Tony Buzan
His theory emphasizes that the creative process is closely related to human memory, so it is memory that needs to be developed. He suggested writing the key concept in the center of the sheet, and writing all the associations that need to be remembered on the branches extending from the main word. Ideas can also be drawn. The creation of such a card helps to come up with new associations, the image of the card is much better remembered.
4. Synectics. By William Gordon
In his theory, the main source of new ideas is the search for analogies. First you need to select an object and draw a table for its analogies. In the first column, they write direct analogies, in the second - indirect ones, for example, signs of the first column. Then the goal, object and indirect analogies are compared. Example: the object is a pencil, the task is to expand the range. A direct analogy is a volume pencil, its negation is a flat pencil. The result is a bookmark pencil.
5. The focal object method from Charles Whiting
This method combines features of different objects in one subject. Example: a candle and the concept of "New Year". New Year means a holiday, sparks of sparklers, this also applies to a candle. If you rub a Bengal candle into powder and add it to wax, you will get a "New Year" candle with sparkling crumbs inside.
6. Morphological analysis
The morphological analysis proposed by Fritz Zwicky is that the object under study is scattered into components, from which the most essential characteristics are selected. Then they change and try to put them back together. The result is a new object.
7. Indirect strategies
This method was invented by Brian Eno and Peter Schmidt. For this method, you need a deck of cards with commands, for example, “give free rein to anger,” “steal the solution,” etc. The person pulls out the cards and follows the instructions.
8. Method "Bus, bed, bath"
It is based on the conviction that new ideas not only lurk in the depths of our subconscious, but are also torn out, we just need to release them, that is, do not interfere with their appearance. A new idea can come to mind in the most unusual place.
To do this, you need to take an incomprehensible inscription in a foreign language, for example, hieroglyphs. At this moment, a person who solves the inscription can have a variety of associations in his head.
10. Idea Trap
In this method, it is necessary to record absolutely all ideas; you can write them down on a dictaphone or in a notebook. And then, on occasion, return to them.