Dr. Sigmund Freud is an Austrian psychologist, psychiatrist and neurologist who immortalized his name with the discovery of psychoanalysis.
On January 8, 1900, Dr. Sigmund Freud melancholy remarks in a letter to his friend, the famous ear-throat-nose doctor Wilhelm Fliess: "This new century is especially interesting for us because it contains the date of our death."
The key to hysteria
Freud will turn 44 in a few months. In the new twentieth century, he will live for another 39 years. The last 16 - along with the disease, which, in the end (despite his vitality and the efforts of the best doctors), will bring him to the grave.
Well, in the meantime, everything is going more or less successfully: the onset of a new century is marked by the release of his new work "The Interpretation of Dreams", in which the area of the irrational is subjected to careful rational analysis. He proceeds from the fact that it is in dreams that the rudiments of the entire psychology of neuroses are contained. There is also a key to understanding hysteria.
|Group photo in front of Clark University. Sitting: Freud, Hall, Jung; standing: Abraham A. Brill, Ernest Jones, Sandor Ferenczi. 1909 N|
All together makes it possible to trace the "work of sleep", to penetrate into the world of the secret, unsteady, speaking to everyone in the language of the unconscious. It gives meaning to dreams, translates the language of dreams into the language of thought. There is a reason to celebrate victory!
She came from a prominent Jewish Bernean family, famous for their cultural traditions. He fell in love with her as soon as he saw, but circumstances prevented them from joining.
At the time, he was still poor, success came slowly, and he could not take responsibility and start a family. For several years of engagement, they went through ardor, impatience, jealousy, but only in the fall of 1886, in the solemn solemn atmosphere of the town hall of the city of Wandsbeck, they were officially named husband and wife.
She will bring him three sons and three daughters. Both the children and the house will be entirely held on to Martha, who will take care of all household chores so that he can calmly do his work. She will share with him both his finest hours, and the dark days of melancholy, all the ups and downs.
"It is human nature to value and desire above all what he cannot achieve." Sigmund Freud
She will not pay attention to the rumors spread by his student Carl Jung about not only the friendly relations of her husband with her sister Minna, who settled in their house after the death of the groom. She will try not to notice his "strange" relationship with Wilhelm Fliess, which lasted more than one year.
At the turn of the 1890s, the first serious illnesses began to fall on him. The Lord endowed him with willpower and clarity of spirit, parents - with vitality, but sooner or later each person begins to have health problems. There is no exception to this rule.
For quite a long time, Dr. Freud has been pursued by repeated with an enviable frequency attacks of tachycardia with severe arrhythmia, severe chest pains radiating to the left arm. More and more often, he experiences shortness of breath.
“Patients are nothing more than the dregs of society. The only benefit they can do is help us make a living and provide material for study. In any case, we cannot help them. " Sigmund Freud
Being an inveterate, incorrigible smoker, he cannot live for an hour without a cigarette, and then a cigar. And even with a strong will, he is not able to give up tobacco.
"Sometimes a cigar is just a cigar." Sigmund Freud.
Already at the age of 72, answering a questionnaire sent to many famous people (questions related to tobacco addiction), Freud writes: “I started smoking at 24, first cigarettes, and soon - exclusively cigars; I still smoke today … and with horror I think about giving up this pleasure … I remain faithful to this habit or this vice and believe that I owe the cigar a high working capacity and better self-control."
Meanwhile, in Germany, neighboring Austria, the Nazis who came to power continue to rule the ball. They persecute all those whose views do not coincide with the views of their Fuhrer - Adolf Hitler.