the bottom of the most common causes of avalanches is a skier's descent or a loud scream. On February 27, a group of skiers fell under an avalanche in Krasnaya Polyana. Three tourists were taken to the hospital with injuries of varying severity, one woman died. The South Regional Search and Rescue Team reported that all injured skiers were skating off the marked pistes. Despite the fact that the rescuers arrived quickly, it was not possible to lift the 45-year-old tourist from Moscow alive from under the snow. A few days earlier, on February 22, 2008, in the Orenburg region, under an avalanche, two boys were killed while sledding down the mountain.
Where do avalanches come from?
For an avalanche to start, only three components are needed: a lot of snow, as happens in winter, a rather steep slope and instability of the snow on it. One of the most common causes of unhappiness is a skier's descent or a loud scream. So an avalanche can overtake us very close to the house, let alone a trip to the mountains. However, you should not change ski boots in advance, not "white slippers". With discretion and following simple safety rules, mountain tourism can be a lot of fun.
It seems strange, because we are used to the fact that snow is weightless. But the apparent lightness of the snow is deceiving. To get out from a depth of one meter, a person needs to overcome a weight of 150 to 300 kilograms, depending on how high the moisture content of the snow is. Since all the mass is interconnected, in fact, to get out, you need to make even more efforts, and this is beyond the power of even the champions of weightlifting, since the count is already in the tons. The snow in a stopped avalanche quickly freezes, it cannot be torn open with your hands, it is so hard that you can only dig out a person caught in an avalanche with special shovels.
in which everyone is taught the principles of winter safety in the mountains. There is such a school in Moscow - at the training center of the Federation of Alpine Skiing and Snowboarding of Russia. After completing the training there, any tourist or skier will find out which factors play a decisive role in the formation of avalanches, learn how to analyze the terrain for safety, assess the degree of risk, and acquire rescue skills when caught in an avalanche. Theoretical classes are held in Moscow, and a practical course in the mountains - Krasnaya Polyana, Elbrus region, Kamchatka. By the way, it must be said that the Elbrus region is the most dangerous ski resort in Russia in terms of avalanches, here even both lower elevator platforms, Chigetskaya and Azau, are located in an avalanche-prone zone, at least once a season avalanches come down on them.
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